In this episode we take a break from the political development to look at how medieval society was organised. As in other European countries it was comprised of four groups - farmers, city dwellers, clergy and nobility.
|Adam digging in Ärentuna church|
Towns were small and city dwellers few. Acutally it was probably rahter unusual with guilds in Swedish towns in the middle ages. We know about such institutions only from the late 15th century - probably because towns were too small for it to make sense.
|Eve spinning in Härkeberga church|
Church paintings often show farm life. Adam is often seen digging, here with an ironshod spade (new and fancy!), and Eve is spinning and caring for children. The verse "When Adam dug and Eve spun - who was then a noble man?" also exists in a Swedish version: "När Adam grävde och Eva spann - vem var då en adelsman?"